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USA NISSAN LEAF

LEAF=Leading Environmentally-friendly Affordable Family car!

We are selling the most affordable electric car in Norway and offering Full Factory Guarantee with each vehicle!

We will price match any dealer in Norway with similar products and condition!

This is information regarding our US import Leaf's. Hopefully shedding some light on the misconceptions of this import vehicle


The Nissan LEAF is a electric vehicle that provides excellent driving throughout a region of radius less than 138 miles at a minimum speed 35 mph. The range radii for different speeds on flat ground at moderate temperatures are given by:


The axes units are miles.

The graph shows that, at a high speed 75 mph, the flat-ground range is ~ 63 miles.

Of course, if one drives to the limit of the range, a full charge would have to be done to get back home.

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Data

Check the official documentation for items listed here to be sure and in case of changes.

2012 LEAF[[PASTING TABLES IS NOT SUPPORTED]]

http://www.nissanusa.com/electric-cars/leaf/features/

2013 LEAF ChangesS Model
  • Charge-port release added to smart key
  • Charge-port light
  • Mechanical parking brake on floor (previous years had electric parking brake)
  • Increased efficiency
  • Percentage charge left shown in dash
  • 4-speaker audio with XM radio
  • 16" steel wheels Bridgestone Ecopia all-season 205/55R16
  • New metallic-slate and glacier-white colors
  • Redesigned level-1 cord set
  • Retains 3.3-kW charger but moved to the front
  • Drag reduced to 0.28
SV Model
  • Same as for S Model
  • 6.6-kW charger in front
  • 7" screen with navigation with Eco-Route option
  • 6-speaker audio with XM radio
  • 16" alloy wheels
  • Carwings telematics system
  • Heat-pump heater/air-conditioner
  • B-mode for greater regeneration
SL Model
  • Same as for SV Model
  • LED high-beam headlights
  • 17" alloy wheels Michelin Energy Saver all-season P215/50R17
  • Fog lights
  • Auto on-off headlights
  • Quick-charge (level-3/480-volts) port
  • Black leather interior (no other choice)
  • h
Extra Packages
  • S Model: 6.6-kW charger, quick-charge port, rearview monitor
  • SV Model: quick-charge port, LED high-beam headlights, fog lights, auto on/off headlights
  • SL and SV Models: Bose 7-speaker audio, Around-View monitor:
Web pages about 2013 LEAF2014 Nissan LEAF2015 Nissan LEAF
  • http://insideevs.com/2015-nissan-leaf-new-color-choice-range-changes/
  • All the EV-icon accents will be changed from blue to chrome.
  • SV grade gets 17" wheels.
  • S grade gets cruise control.
  • S grade gets Brake mode.
  • SV & SL grades get hands free text messaging and voice destination entry.
  • Heat tolerant battery
  • Blue Ocean color deleted and Morningsky Blue added.
2016 Nissan LEAF
  • S battery with 24-kWh battery; price: $29,010; with 30-kWh battery; price: $30,680
  • SV ($35,050) & SL ($37,640) have 30-kWh battery weighing 46 lbs more; 107-miles EPA range; 112 mpge
  • 30-kWh battery: revised chemistry, 192 cells in 24 modules; enhanced battery durability charging and discharging
  • 8-years, 100.000-mile battery warranty
  • SV & SL have quick charging port
  • Improved infotainment system
  • S has 5" screen
  • SV & SL have Navigation and 7" screen
  • Charging stations are updated when LEAF is switched on and every 12 miles of travel.
  • New center screen graphic interface
  • Improved voice recognition
  • Improved mobile app
  • New colors: Forged Bronze, Coulis Red & Deep Blue Pearl; canceled: Cayenne Red and Morningsky Blue

http://insideevs.com/comprehensive-video-overview-2016-nissan-leaf-sl-wpremium-package/

2017 Nissan LEAF StatementsOther

The humps that contain the headlights cause the air flow to bypass the side mirrors. (http://www.mynissanleaf.com/viewtopic.php?f=8&t=6836 ):

Side-mirrors air turbulence is a major cause of vehicle drag.

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Check out this.

Clean Fleet Report: The LEAF SV model includes an advanced GPS navigation system. You can control and monitor battery charging and even pre-heat/pre-cool and charging control with your smart phone. The LEAF has Internet/smart phone connectivity to the vehicle, and, Bluetooth connectivity; intelligent-key with push button start, Sirius/XM satellite radio capabilities, and roadside assistance with the vehicle wirelessly notifying a support center. The SL model also includes a rearview monitor, solar panel spoiler which supplies a trickle charge, fog lights, and automatic headlights. The 2012  SL model includes the DC Fast Charge port (level-2 240-volts 30 amps maximum). Nissan has doubled the charge rate in the 2012 model. 3-years of roadside assistance including in price. Tire pressure monitoring system (TPMS). SL Model review monitor provides a video display of the rear camera for safer backups and parking. Much of this electric car is designed for recycling, and recycled materials are used in building the car. 98 percent of the lithium batteries are expected to be reused in stationary applications or recycled. Nissan LEAF makes extensive use of recycled and recyclable materials, such as seat fabric, instrument panel materials, and front- and rear-bumper fascias. The LED head lights reduce battery demand at night.

These are the five colors available for 2011 & 2012. More colors will probably be available for the LEAFs to be built later in Smyrna TN.

Movies about the Nissan LEAF



LEAF ManualsPictures from the Owner's Manual[[PASTING TABLES IS NOT SUPPORTED]]

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Battery

The 24-kWh traction battery is manganese-oxide-lithium ion.

[[PASTING TABLES IS NOT SUPPORTED]]
  • Cathode: LiMn2O4; Anode: LiNiO2/graphite
  • 48 NEC modules with 4 manganese-oxide Li-ion cells/module in pairs
  • 403.2 volts/360 volts nominal
  • Air cooled; electric heated
  • The modules are stacked vertically in the back and horizontally in the middle and front. They are air cooled. From 2012 on there is a battery heater for cold-weather.
  • Energy density: 140 Wh/kg; Power density: 2.5 kW/kg
  • The traction battery is charged by plugging it to grid (see below) and by deceleration and braking (regeneration).
  • When storing the car for several months charge the traction battery to 80% before storing. It should be charged to that level every 3 months while in storage.
  • When the battery is down to a low level the motor power is greatly reduced to allow driving to a place to charge it (turtle mode). It can be charged slowly at any 120-volts plug.
Battery-Cutoff Switch

Behind the front seats is a battery-cutoff switch for use in emergencies:

[[PASTING TABLES IS NOT SUPPORTED]]Battery-Charge Curve

From http://www.mynissanleaf.com/viewtopic.php?f=31&t=6116&hilit=turtle+dead&start=79 :


Blue is charging and green is driving.

This is a plot of battery voltage vs gids (1 gid = 0.08 kwh). LBW = Low-Battery Warning, VLBW = Very-Low-Battery Warning; Turtle is where the LEAF goes into a crawl mode. Note that Dead occurs before the battery is fully discharged.

  • Dead = ~4 gids = ~0.32 kWh (~1.5% SOC)
  • Turtle = ~5 gids = ~0.40 kWh (~2% SOC)
  • VLBW = ~24 gids = ~1.9 kW (~9% SOC)
  • LBW = ~45 gids = ~3.6 kWh (~17% SOC)

Maximum gids is 281 = 22.48 kWh which leaves 1.52 kWh at the top of the 24-kWh battery charge to make the battery live longer. Since Dead = ~0.32 kWh, the usable energy = ~22.16 kWh. However, one should not go below LBW, which corresponds to ~18.9 kWh usable energy. One definitely should not go below VLBW, which corresponds to ~20.6 kWh usable energy.

The author uses 20% (56.2 gids or ~4.1 kWh left; usable energy ~16.5 kWh) as the target amount of usable charge left at the end of a trip in order to stay above the LBW warning and to allow for an unexpected change of route.

From the owner's manual:

Power meter: Power being used is proportional to the number of the nine circles lighted to the right; battery regeneration power is proportional to the number of the four circles lighted to the left.

"Temperature affects the amount of charge the Li-ion battery is capable of storing. The Li-ion battery is capable of
storing less power when the Li-ion battery temperature is cold. The Li-ion battery is capable of storing more power when the Li-ion battery is warm. The number of segments illuminated on the Li-ion battery available charge gauge can change based on the amount of power the Li-ion battery is capable of storing. For example, when the Li-ion battery becomes colder, more segments on the Li-ion battery available charge gauge illuminate because the available charge is a greater percentage of the Li-ion battery’s capability of storing power. When the Li-ion battery becomes warmer, less segments on the Li-ion battery available charge gauge illuminate because the remaining energy is a lower percentage of the Li-ion battery’s capability of storing power."

Battery temperature gauge:

[[PASTING TABLES IS NOT SUPPORTED]]The overlaps are due to adjustments due to battery capacity loss over time.

It is recommended to NOT quick charge (level 3) charge the battery when the battery is in the red zone.

Nissan states "the pack has a 70 to 80 percent capacity after 10 years."

Battery DischargeReplacement BatteryLEAF Battery References

12-Volts Auxiliary Battery

There also is a 12.8-volts lead-acid boot and accessories battery under the hood. It is charged by the traction battery. On the SL model there is a small solar panel on the back of the roof to trickle charge the 12-volts battery when the Sun is shining on it.

The traction battery charges the 12-volts accessories battery for 5 minutes every 5 days when the car is not being driven. To prevent this drain on the traction battery put a battery tender on the accessories battery.


Charging

The charger is in the hump at the front of the trunk. The charging ports are:

[[PASTING TABLES IS NOT SUPPORTED]]

There are three blue lights on top of the dash that are visible from the front of the LEAF:

  • When facing the car the left light flashes between 0 and 7 kWh in the battery.
  • The left light is solid blue and the center light flashes between 7 and 17 kWh in the battery.
  • The left and center lights are solid blue and the right light flashes between 17 and 24 kWh in the battery.
  • When fully charged all three lights are solid blue. They turn off in 15 minutes or when the charging cable is removed.
  • The left and center lights are off and the right light flashes when the 12-volts battery is being charged.

From http://gm-volt.com/forum/showthread.php?8916-New-LEAF-owner-of-less-than-a-week-finds-out-the-cars-a-manual...&p=144386 : " When you Quick charge the Leaf it actually stops at 80%... . The reason for this is by the time it goes from a low SOC to 80% there will be substantial heat build up in the batteries. This is what degrades life more than the charge rate itself."

"Quick charge" means level-3/480-volts charging.

The least expensive way to charge the LEAF at 240 volts is to send the portable charging station (portable EVSE or PEVSE) that is in the container in the trunk to California to have it upgraded to 240 volts: http://evseupgrade.com/styled/. The cost, including a 120-volts pigtail for trickle charging, is ~$340. The upgraded 2013 PEVSE provides power at 4.8 kW for the 2013 LEAF. A more-expensive standard 240-volts EVSE mounted on a garage wall or on a parking-lot pedestal provides power at 6.6 kW for the 2013 LEAF (3.3 kW for the 2012 LEAF. The upgraded 2012 PEVSE provides power at 3.3 kW, the same as the more-expensive standard EVSE.

Then one can get a NEMA L6-20R 240-volts receptacle at Lowes for ~$17 and install it in a garage. There are waterproof versions of this receptacle: Hubbell HBL2320SW and Bryant 70620MBWP.

I did this for my 2012 LEAF and had the outlet installed at my 2 daughters’ driveways in waterproof boxes.

I got the Schneider 240-volts charging station online from Home Depot for $799 and paid an electrician $287 to install it. I wanted to leave the PEVSE in the trunk to always have it there when traveling. It provides power at 6.6 kW for the 2013 LEAF, ~27% faster than the upgraded PEVSE (4.8 kW).

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From the owner's manual:

"NISSAN recommends that you connect the normal charge cable when getting out of the vehicle, even if it is not going to be used. By doing this, you can get the most out of the remote climate control and Climate Ctrl. Timer functions the next time you use the vehicle."

"Allow the vehicle and Li-ion battery to cool down after use before charging."

"Avoid leaving your vehicle for over 14 days where the Li-ion battery available charge gauge reaches a zero or near zero (state of charge)."

"The power switch can be set to ON position and the climate control and navigation system can be used while
the Li-ion battery is charging. However, because these operations consume Li-ion battery power, it will take longer for the Li-ion battery to become fully charged."

"During charging, it is possible that the radio may be inaudible due to noise by the electromagnetic wave."

Charging efficiency

Reported charging efficiency:

[[PASTING TABLES IS NOT SUPPORTED]]

State of Charge

There is an aftermarket display that, when attached to the OBD2 plug under the dash, reads out the State-Of-Charge (SOC):

Red button changes modes. Black button changes values for a mode.

  1. Mode 1
    1. Value 1: SOC as % of 281 raw.
    2. Value 2: Raw CAN-bus data.
  2. Mode 2
    1. Value 1: Output amperes (-99 to +200).
    2. Value 2: Volts (~350 to 400).
    3. Value 3: Output kW (~C99.9 for charging, P99.9 for out

Toggle switches: Top one is for the device to be always on when up and only on when the car is running when down. Bottom one is to switch between data buses; currently only switch down bus is being used.

I mount it on the ledge just behind the top of the center console.

I find this device to be a great help when taking long trips on which the battery is near depletion at the end; it is a more reliable indicator than the “miles to go” LEAF indicator of what speed should be driven to get to the destination. Combining its reading with the navigation’s “distance to go” and the LEAF’s “miles to go” help get
there without running out of charge. Every LEAF driver should have it!

Another similar device, LEAFSCAN, that gives 2 more decimal places for the battery
percentage is being developed:

Another similar device, WattsLeft, has 15 different screens:


Charging StationsECO Driving Mode

When the LEAF is in Drive Mode, repeating the motion that put it in Drive mode will put it in ECO Mode. ECO mode reduces the available acceleration, provides more energy regeneration when decelerating/braking and reduces power to the heater and air conditioner. Driving in ECO mode reduces energy usage by about 10%.

The ECO mode is recommended for city driving.

In Drive mode the acceleration is high: 0-60 mph in ~9.2 seconds ( http://www.mynissanleaf.com/viewtopic.php?f=8&t=5265 ) ; it is reduced in ECO mode, there is a slight hesitation at the start of acceleration. 0-10 mph is head snapping because electric motors have almost instantaneous torque. Here are graphs that show the differences between Drive and ECO modes:

[[PASTING TABLES IS NOT SUPPORTED]]

http://livingleaf.info/2011/09/what-does-the-eco-drive-mode-really-mean-on-the-nissan-leaf/

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B Driving Mode

This mode became available in 2013. There are four driving modes:

  1. Drive mode: Actuated by moving the mode knob left and down.
  2. ECO mode: Actuated by a button on the right side of the steering wheel while in Drive mode or B mode.
  3. B mode: Actuated by moving the mode knob left and down twice. Provides even more regeneration than does ECO mode.
  4. B mode + ECO mode

Changing modes can occur at any speed.

Driving Range

Nissan needs to put a feature in the navigation that will take account of the total elevation changes and speed limits for a selected route, and the atmospheric and interior temperatures. (Use of the radio would probably be negligible, but could be included. Same for heated seats and steering wheel.) Those data could be used to do a calculation of the percent of the battery charge that will be required for that route driven at the speed limits. A feature should be to add in a certain number of hours of level-2 charging during the trip.

Here is some good advice on driving the LEAF:

"Watch the number of blue and white bars which surround the miles-left “guessmeter”. That is your equivalent of a "gas gauge". And, like most cars, there is a "reserve" after the gauge tells you the battery is empty. At some point, probably while you still have one bar showing, you will hear a message telling you your battery is low. If you drive slowly and carefully you should be able to get another 15 miles or more out of the battery after that, but unless you are close to home you should treat that as a suggestion to slow down, and if you are on the freeway you should probably get off soon."

"Perhaps ten to twelve miles of cautious driving after that you will get a second verbal warning that your battery is   very  low. Now you need to start thinking very seriously about finding a place you can get some electricity. You can probably go about half as far after that second warning as you went between the first one and the second one, but you normally shouldn't count on using that range. It might possibly be hard on the battery, and it's definitely  hard on your nerves. The final warning is turtle mode, but you don't want to go there. If you see the red turtle on your dash, quickly find a safe place to get off the road, and stop. It's time to call 877-NO GAS EV for help."


Park and Parking Brake

  • Park is automatically set when power is turned off.
  • Park is automatically released when the accelerator is pressed after power is turned on.
  • Press the Park button to set Park when power is on. It will be automatically released when the accelerator is pressed.
  • Set the Parking Brake by pulling up on the lever. It is automatically released when the accelerator is pressed when power is on.
  • Set a stronger Parking Brake by pulling up on the lever twice. Then it will NOT be automatically released when the accelerator is pressed when power is on.
Internet/Smart-Phone Control

A LEAF owner can do the following using an Internet web page or a Nissan-LEAF smart-phone app (iPhone or Android smart phone):

  • Start charging if the LEAF is plugged in.
  • Set two timers for charging to start.
  • Start heater/cooling at a certain time; it the LEAF is plugged in, the heating/cooling will be powered by the grid instead of the LEAF battery. The heater power is 5 kW; so 15-20 minutes of heating the car uses ~1.5 kWh, which saves ~6 miles for driving (@~4 miles/kWh).
[[PASTING TABLES IS NOT SUPPORTED]]

From Nissan-LEAF customer information when ordering:

"Cellular Network. The CARWINGS system communicates through the AT&T cellular network which may not be available in all areas. Certain remote functions require a compatible smartphone, not included or supplied."

Climate Control

A detailed account of climate control differences between most cars and the LEAF.

Data Recorders

From Nissan-LEAF customer information when ordering:

"The Nissan LEAF™ is equipped with several data recorders:

  • A data recorder for diagnosing repairs
  • An Event Data Recorder (“EDR”) that records data in crash or near crash situations, such as an air bag deployment or hitting a road obstacle. The EDR records data related to vehicle dynamics and safety systems for a short period of time, typically 30 seconds or less.
  • Telematics and recorded vehicle data for features, analysis, and research.

The Nissan LEAF™ records data concerning various vehicle systems, location, driving performance, and operating conditions. Some of this data is transmitted to Nissan through the vehicle onboard CARWINGS (telematics) system. This data is used for the provision of CARWINGS services, as well as for analysis and research by Nissan designed to, among other things, optimize performance of future electric vehicles including improvements in future battery life. Certain state laws restrict access to such data without the consent of the vehicle owner. Without your consent, the vehicle will de-activate the vehicle telematics system in your vehicle, and certain features, including all telematics, of your vehicle will not operate as intended."

There is an aftermarket display that, when attached to the OBD2 plug under the dash, reads out the State-Of-Charge (SOC):

Red button changes modes. Black button changes values for a mode.

  • Mode 1: Value 1: SOC as % of 281 raw. Value 2: Raw CAN-bus data.
  • Mode 2: Value 1: Output amperes (-99 to +200). Value 2: Volts (~350 to 400). Value 3: Output kW (~C99.9 for charging, P99.9 for output)

Toggle switches: Top one is to turn the device on when up. Bottom one is to switch between data buses; currently only switch down bus is being used.

The 2013 Nissan LEAF shows the battery percentage to 1% accuracy on the display behind the steering wheel:

Also, note the ECO button on the right side of the steering wheel. A new higher-regeneration driving mode called B is on the shift knob where ECO is for the 2012 LEAF.

Nissan LEAF runs Windows Embedded Automotive 7

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NavigationRoadside Assistance

From Nissan-LEAF customer information when ordering:

"Roadside Assistance and CARWINGS Telematics Features are included through a subscription service which is standard in the price of the vehicle for the first 36 months. After that time, a subscription service can be purchased."

Recycling

From http://www.nissan-zeroemission.com/EN/LEAF/interview03_01.html:

"We designed LEAF with the environment in mind, adopting vigorous recycling measures. Nearly all the car's components can be recycled after use. Nissan cars already boast a high recycling ratio-over 95 percent-and we expect LEAF to be at the top level among them. 
We've also made use of special recycled materials. For example, LEAF's seat covers are made of woven material produced from PET plastic bottles, and many components used in the interior are also made of recycled plastic. The material used for the bumpers comes from recycled car bumpers....the EV's battery boasts extremely high performance, so even when it can no longer run a car it can still be used for other purposes. For example, it could be used as a storage battery for a solar power generator. We are always thinking in terms of ways to reuse these power cells. Eventually, of course, even these batteries will degenerate, so at the very end they will wind up being recycled."

Nissan Vehicle-To-Home (V2H)

http://www.greencarreports.com/news/1079955_nissan-leaf-to-home-power-station-will-it-make-it-to-u-s

Reviews

There are some mistakes in some of these reviews:

" It is not clear to me how important Quick Chargers will be to adoption of electric cars. First, the Leaf is the perfect commuter car but a very impractical road trip car since we would have to QC EVERY HOUR to travel any distance at freeway speeds. Second, QC is not good for the battery. Third, there will never be enough Quick Chargers to insure that there is no extra waiting time, so planning travel using QC will always be a gamble.

The Leaf is the perfect family second car for in-town commuting. I don't plan to ever use QC-- If I need to travel beyond the Leaf range I would take the ICE car. I think talking about QC does a disservice to the marketing of the Leaf-- customers are lead to believe that they should wait for the infrastructure that most of them don't need in the first place." Change "ICE" to "hybrid".

Nissan now says that Quick charging many times a day is ok.

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Energy-Efficient Ship to Transport Nissan LEAF from Japan

The streamlined 21,000-tons ship City of St. Petersburg transports Nissan LEAF cars from Japan to other countries. It should cut consumption of diesel fuel by 800 tons per year, which would emit 2500 tons of CO2 per year.


Movie about the next ship

Sales of Nissan LEAFNissan LEAF Web Pages


Parts missing in an electric vehicle:


Not shown are the missing-transmission parts.
Only one reason to drive an electric car!

Disassembly of Nissan LEAF motor and electronics

Gasoline-Prices Projection

Only one reason to drive an electric car!

References


Information gathered: January, 2017